Universität Fribourg Université de Fribourg Suisse | Universität Freiburg Schweiz Course offerings


Culture, Politics and Religion in Pluralist Societies


This interdisciplinary master programme is unique in Switzerland. It offers original and innovative training that combines the disciplines of sociology, social anthropology and religious studies. It aims to study developments in diverse and globalised societies resulting from socio-economic changes, the transformation of nation-states and population mobility. Students acquire the knowledge and skills to explain changes in the political, legal and religious spheres and to understand recent developments in social relations. The programme offers three options. Students select one option upon registering for the course: 1. Social and Cultural Dynamics: this option studies the rules and challenges of «living together» and diversity in all its dimensions (social, cultural, economic, political, etc.), equipping students with the skills to manage these issues in their future careers; 2. Political and Normative (Dis)order: in this option students address a wide range of contemporary issues focused on politics, norms and law; 3. Religion and Society: this option investigates and analyses religion as a defining element of contemporary societies from an interdisciplinary Religious Studies perspective.
This course of study, which promotes field research and unique learning experiences, can be taken in French, German or both languages to obtain the «Bilingual curriculum, French/German» distinction.

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Profile of the study programme

This master programme is cross-cutting: it combines methods of sociology, social anthropology and religious studies in an innovative way, making it a unique course of study in Switzerland. Composed of interdisciplinary modules and one option (to be selected), it provides the analytical and methodological tools which are key to understanding developments in diverse and globalised societies.

Fribourg profile
In addition to the interdisciplinary modules, students follow specialised modules in their selected option.

  1. Social and Cultural Dynamics option
    This option focuses on knowledge and analytical tools, derived mainly from sociology, to study social plurality. It trains students to study the most visible aspects of this diversity: migration phenomena, interethnic relations, cultural standardisation and diversification, social and economic inequality, new forms of citizenship and their effects on individuals. More broadly, this option looks at the lifestyles and values which are emerging in various areas of society: families, social networks, groups of young people, associations, migrant communities, public institutions, professional groups and businesses. It considers new means of «living together» and relationships between individuals and groups, such as interethnic, intergenerational, interprofessional and gender relations. Students acquire the skills to decipher issues in the public arena and in the media, to analyse interactions and communication within political, legal and health institutions, and to evaluate changes in the labor sector.
    Interactive sessions and qualitative empirical research techniques conducted within institutions and with the populations under study train students in the use of individual interviews, focus groups and life stories, institutional document analysis and audio-visual techniques.
  2. Political and Normative (Dis)order option
    This option is largely inspired by social anthropology. Students consider a wide range of contemporary issues dealing with politics, norms and law. The interlinking of these different dimensions in the production of social order and disorder is examined comparatively and critically in colonial and postcolonial contexts. The political economy of space, access to the types of resources (economic, cultural, symbolic, etc.) and various regimes throughout the world are studied, along with protests, public policy and institutional and non-institutional frameworks. The sessions identify the multiplicity of power dynamics at work, which have repercussions for individuals and collective entities alike. Drawing from different case studies, the analyses take into account different types of issues (political, economic, social, etc.) to which conflicts and negotiations refer.
    Combining empirical studies and theoretical reflections, and favouring ethnographic methods, this option also tackles a critical analysis of anthropological knowledge and the anthropologist's position in the processes of observation and analysis.
  3. Religion and Society option
    The objective of this option is to further the study of religion and its related challenges in modern and contemporary societies, particularly in Europe and Switzerland. Using methods and theories from social sciences such as sociology, anthropology and history, the option promotes understanding and analysis of religion at the level of individuals, groups, organisations, institutions as well as societies as a whole. Issues relating to religious diversity, pluralism and social integration are central to this option, with a focus on globalisation-linked trends. It takes an interdisciplinary, cross-cutting approach to examining the intersection of religion and questions involving youth, the media, gender issues, transnationalisation, economics, politics, identity, recognition, health, education and the role of religion in the public sphere, in the West and elsewhere.
    Teaching units address theoretical and empirical approaches, with an emphasis on group discussions and individualised seminar papers.

Career prospects
Given its interdisciplinary focus, this master programme provides access to a variety of professional contexts, and the knowledge and skills acquired meet the needs of today's labour market. Graduates have a command of the organisational, relational, cultural, identity and comunication issues that arise within different types of groups and institutions:

  • Non-governmental organisations and charities;
  • Social and cultural institutions (prevention, project management, promotion, museums);
  • Associations, interest groups, political parties;
  • Private companies (human resources, communication, training);
  • Public, cantonal and federal administrations (scientific collaborations, evaluation);
  • Journalism and the media;
  • Public relations, diplomatic services;
  • Training;
  • Research and scientific expertise, academic careers.

Studies organisation

Structure of studies

90 ECTS credits + 30 ECTS credits as an option in a minor study programme freely chosen or in a specialisation programme, 3-4 semesters


https://studies.unifr.ch/go/qN68x (French)
https://studies.unifr.ch/go/A0cJ8 (German)


Master's degree programmes are built on the knowledge and abilities that were acquired when obtaining a bachelor's degree.

Holders of a bachelor's degree awarded by a Swiss university are admitted to a master's degree programme without any preconditions if they have earned 60 or 90 ECTS credits depending on the chosen master's degree programme within the corresponding discipline. However, additional requirements can be required. The same applies to holders of a bachelor's degree awarded by a foreign university, provided that the bachelor's degree is recognised and considered equivalent by the University of Fribourg.

Holders of a bachelor's degree awarded by a Swiss or a foreign university, provided that the bachelor's degree is recognised and considered equivalent by the University of Fribourg, who do not fulfil this condition can be admitted to a master's degree programme with preconditions (which must be successfully completed before starting the master's degree programme) and/or additional requirements (which can be completed during the master's degree programme). The preconditions and/or additional requirements may not exceed 60 ECTS credits in total. The same applies to holders of a bachelor's degree awarded by a Swiss university of applied sciences, according to existing agreements.

The respective conditions of admission for each master's degree programme are reserved.


Also offered as a minor study programme and as a specialisation programme (30 ECTS credits).

Minor study programmes to be chosen


The master programme in Archaeology offers specialised training in archaeology over a broad chronological time span, from the Minoan period to the end of the Roman Empire in the 5th century AD. The distinctive feature of this programme is that it combines the study of objects and images from an anthropological and sociological perspective with practical training consisting of the study of objects in museums, collaboration in setting up exhibitions and participation in archaeological excavations.

As part of a collaborative network of Swiss and international universities, the master programme in Archaeology gives students the opportunity from the outset to be part of an inter-cantonal, cross-border network that offers a broad choice of courses and practical work placements.

The master programme provides training in: routine excavation activities (practical work, study trips, fieldwork placements as well as work placements in museums or laboratories), principles of data analysis and interpretation, links with other disciplines (philology, ancient history, social anthropology, art history, museology, archaeometry), epistemological and theoretical aspects and, lastly, the relationship between archaeological research and the non-academic world (lectures, exhibitions, events, principles of communication, etc.).

This study programme is taught partly in French and partly in German. Students are required to follow teaching sessions in both languages. The distribution is fixed according to the subject being taught, but students are always permitted to choose their language for presentations, written work and examination (French or German).

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Art History

The master programme in Art History offers specialised training in Art History over a broad time span, ranging from Art History and Classical Archaeology to History of Contemporary Art. The particularity of this master's course is that it considers examples of artistic creativity from several angles using the most recent methods to provide an anthropological, sociological and mediological perspective.
This programme is taught partly in French and partly in German. Students must take modules in both languages, which will vary from course to course, but they can prepare their presentation, coursework and exams in the language of their choice (in either French or German).

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Business Informatics

The master programme comprises a first group of classes in business informatics and data analytics and decision support, a second group in computer science, and a third group of optional classes in management. Students can create their personalised curriculum. In these groups, they have full access to the Swiss Joint Master in Computer Science, a programme jointly offered by the Universities of Fribourg, Bern and Neuchâtel. Over 60 courses are available, most of which are taught in English. Topics covered in the master include for example methods and current technologies for the digitalisation of enterprises such as blockchains, augmented and virtual reality or fuzzy logic, advanced concepts for developing information systems, the design and implementation of domain-specific conceptual modeling methods, methods of data analytics and big data, supply chain management or revenue management. The compulsory internship with a company or other institution strengthens this direction. Finally, in the master thesis students investigate a topic in the ontext of current research projects or in cooperation with a company.

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Chemistry is the science that studies how the atoms are arranged in molecules, materials and in living organisms, and, even more importantly, how do they rearrange and thus make up for nearly all the processes of every day life.
Two master options are available at the Department of Chemistry, namely the programme «Chemistry» (90 ECTS credits) and the programme «Chemistry, option Chemistry, Communication and Innovation» (120 ECTS credits). The two options are made of five compulsory modules (organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, materials chemistry and research) and two elective modules to be selected between the following options: analytical chemistry, advanced organic chemistry, advanced inorganic chemistry, advanced materials chemistry, polymer chemistry. The research module is dedicated to experimental laboratory work and it is aimed at acquiring the capacity to synthesise compounds, characterising their properties, and determining the structure of unknown compounds. Depending on the choice of modules, students acquire the command of advanced synthetic, analytic, spectroscopic, theoretical or industrial tools. Concerning the programme «Chemistry, option Chemistry, Communication and Innovation» (120 ECTS credits), an extra module of 30 ECTS credits is dedicated to transferable skills: writing of scientific papers and articles, statistics and project planning, innovation and entrepreneurship, as well as a research internship in a university or a company in Switzerland or abroad. The final six months consist of a master thesis, carried out on creative research in one of the Chemistry Department's research groups.

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Communication and Society

You've received your bachelor's degree now it's time for more. More knowledge to gain a better understanding of media and communication. More skills to competently analyse the digital transformation of public communication. More expertise to help shape the fast-moving media world. Our German and English-language master programme «Communication and Society» provides a research-oriented examination of the social significance and functioning of media, communication and the public sphere in the digital age. Thanks to the diverse content of our programme, you never lose sight of the big picture. Nevertheless, depending on your interests, you can specialise in one of four core areas of study, which will also be acknowledged on your diploma: Media Structures&Media Performance, Political Communication, Organisational Communication and Media Use&Effects. In addition, our programme offers outstanding personal mentoring and a large degree of freedom and flexibility.

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Comparative Literature

The University of Fribourg is the only university in Switzerland to offer the possibility of studying Comparative Literature in two languages. The bilingual programme of studies in German and French deals with the interactions of different literatures in an international context.
In General Literature, students acquire the academic instruments to analyse literary texts and address fundamental questions on literature.
Comparative Literature is concerned with comparing works and authors from different linguistic and cultural areas. In Intermedial Comparative Literature, students explore the interactions between literature and other media.
Practice-oriented courses (e.g. on translations or work with manuscripts), interdisciplinary meetings and cultural events from other areas round off the range of courses offered.

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Computer Science

This study programme is part of the Swiss Joint Master in Computer Science jointly offered by the Universities of Fribourg, Bern and Neuchâtel, providing students with a unique multilingual and multicultural learning environment. Students work closely with one or more research groups of the three participating institutes. Students can create a personalised curriculum from courses and seminars offered by the three universities. Teaching units are grouped into tracks reflecting different profiles in computer science. Most courses are taught in English, although some may be offered in only French or German. The programme can be completed in three full-time semesters. Personalised part-time curriculums are also available.

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Contemporary History

The University of Fribourg is one of the only universities in Switzerland to offer a Master's programme in Contemporary History. You will study the political, social and cultural history of the 19th and 20th centuries with a focus on post-1945. Geographically, the programme is centered around Swiss and European contemporary history. The Fribourg Master in Contemporary History is research based. The Master brings multi-disciplinarity together with bilingualism and includes approaches of neighbouring social and cultural disciplines, such as European Studies, Social Anthropology and Science of Religions. A large number of teaching staff and researchers cover a broad variety of topics. You can take the Master in German, French and bilingually in German and French with a «mention bilingue» in the diploma.

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Culture, Politics and Religion in Pluralist Societies

This interdisciplinary master programme is unique in Switzerland. It offers original and innovative training that combines the disciplines of sociology, social anthropology and religious studies. It aims to study developments in diverse and globalised societies resulting from socio-economic changes, the transformation of nation-states and population mobility. Students acquire the knowledge and skills to explain changes in the political, legal and religious spheres and to understand recent developments in social relations. The programme offers three options. Students select one option upon registering for the course: 1. Social and Cultural Dynamics: this option studies the rules and challenges of «living together» and diversity in all its dimensions (social, cultural, economic, political, etc.), equipping students with the skills to manage these issues in their future careers; 2. Plitical and Normative (Dis)order: in this option students address a wide range of contemporary issues focused on politics, norms and law; 3. Religion and Society: this option investigates and analyses religion as a defining element of contemporary societies from an interdisciplinary Religious Studies perspective.
This course of study, which promotes field research and unique learning experiences, can be taken in French, German or both languages to obtain the «Bilingual curriculum, French/German» distinction.

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Data Analytics

Data Analytics is aimed at training experienced scientists in data analysis methods. This ranges from traditional statistical methods to machine learning and data mining techniques, including the computer skills (programming) required for database management, data processing, data analysis and data visualisation. The Data Analytics minor study programme is therefore extremely pertinent for students wishing to complement basic training acquired as part of a master's degree.

This minor study programme is open to students from all faculties.

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Digital Society

The master minor programme Digital Society focuses on the social dimensions and consequences of digital technology in today's societies. From a social science perspective, research on the digital society appears to be very interdisciplinary - including sociology, anthropology, economics, communication, designs, contemporary history, computer sciences and cultural studies. The programme offers to delve into the impacts of digital technologies on social processes and structures as well as on individual actors, social groups and practices under the changing conditions of the digital society.
The study programme aims at fostering the theoretical competencies and analytical methods needed to understand these current changes. The training includes the study of the emergence, use and impact of digital technologies in societies from different perspectives in social sciences. It broadens students' understanding of computing and promotes their digital skills. The study programme is intended to enable the students to understand the socio-technical processes at play in digital transformation.

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Eastern European Studies

The master programme «Eastern European Studie»s is a multilingual interfaculty, interuniversity programme offered by the Universities of Fribourg and Berne.
Students attend classes at both universities. Seminars are also regularly held by researchers from Eastern European countries. The languages of instruction are German, French and English. The syllabus consists of lectures on contemporary history, cultural studies (Slavic studies and history of ideas) and social sciences (political science and social anthropology). The focus is on the 20th century and on current issues. Students learn at least one of the region's languages during their course of study.
The Interfaculty Institute for Central and Eastern Europe at the University of Fribourg has numerous contacts to lecturers and researchers from the region. The Institute's research projects and mandates give students ample opportunity to put what they have learned into practice.

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Education Sciences

The master of education sciences programme consists of the base course and one core study area. In the base course, the students take a module aimed at developing their research skills and a themed module on current challenges in academic and social education.
Students have a choice of five electives for their core study area: «Innovation in Education and Training», «Intercultural and Comparative Education», «Globalisation and Education», «Early Childhood Education and Child Research», «Pedagogy/Psychology».
The Pedagogy/Psychology» elective is taught jointly by the Departments of Education Sciences and Psychology.

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English Language and Literature

Over the course of four semesters, the study programme offers a broad-based approach in which most students work on all of the subdisciplines of English, with an option to study one field in depth English or American literature, Medieval literature, or Linguistics. Interdisciplinary work is a key aspect of studies in the Department and there are intensive weekend seminars and lab sessions for some classes during which students and professors meet in a congenial setting to investigate a subject in detail. The study programme culminates with the writing of an original thesis in a field of the student's choice. Students can participate in workshops and conferences organised by staff members or explore their ideas in a setting of peers. The Department has extensive and up-to- date physical and electronic library resources.

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Ethics and Economics

Ethics and Economics have one domain in common: the question of justice in commercial and non-commercial relations. The interdisciplinary course set up jointly by the Institute of Ethics and Human Rights and the Department of Economics is the only one of its kind in Switzerland. It offers students the requisite methods and elements for reflection for a practical approach to ethical issues in the two domains of governance (private and public) and sustainable development.
This master's degree unit is open to students from all the Faculties. The course also falls under the aegis of the UNESCO Chair of Human Rights and Democracy, based at the Interdisciplinary Institute for Ethics and Human Rights (IIEDH Institut interdisciplinaire d'éthique et des droits de l'homme).

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European Studies

This programme offers a comprehensive knowledge of contemporary Europe focusing on historical, political and cultural aspects. Taking an interdisciplinary, academic, critical perspective, the master programme in European Studies at the University of Friboug provides a wide range of courses and scientific approaches, raising important questions about Europe's integration process, and presenting current political ideas and issues, with an emphasis on the role of the actors who, for more than sixty years, have worked unceasingly for European unity.
Alongside the basic study modules, the specialisation programme includes two interdisciplinary options: the first focuses on the social and historical aspects of contemporary Europe (economics, law, history, social sciences), and the second on the European cultural space (languages and literatures, theology, philosophy, art history and musicology).
Most courses are taught either in French or German, or bilingually. There are a few teachings in English.

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French as a Foreign Language / French as a Second Language

The master programme «French as a foreign language/French as a second language» (FLE/FLS) focuses on consolidation of the didactic and linguistic aspects of language learning and FLE/FLS teaching in a multilingual context. Students learn to master empirical research methods, enabling them to analyse language development, communication and intercultural skills, and the role of interaction in an educational context. They also learn how to analyse language learning and teaching material, as well as assessment tools, methods and curricula, to scrutinise them critically and adapt them in accordance with the context.

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French: Foundational Curriculum

The minor study programme consists of a common core of two modules with 15 ECTS credits each. In one module candidates study the use of advanced methodology in literature (1 lecture and 2 seminars) and in the other the use of advanced methodology in linguistics (2 seminars).

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Gender, Society, Social Policy

The master minor study programme or specialisation programme with a thematic focus on «Gender, Society, Social Policy» provides students with the theoretical and methodological foundations of gender studies and enables them to analyse gender relationships in their social and cultural context. For later professional practice, this means that students can critically follow and question social developments with regard to gender relations. They should also be able to understand and critically scrutinise research with regards to the category gender and be able to independently apply concepts of gender studies in their own scientific work.

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Tuned to current environmental issues, this master programme enables students to understand and assess environmental systems and the relationship between nature and society. After studying a common module which addresses environmental issues from the perspective of human and physical geography, students choose a specialisation: either physical geography, which covers topics such as the cryosphere, glaciology or alpine geomorphology; or human geography, which explores subjects such as political ecology and management of natural resources along with their political and social dimensions.
Students have a broad choice of seminars and conference cycles, as well as field work. The students also participate in research teams, notably in the context of their master's thesis. The Unit of Geography is of human dimensions, which means that it is able to offer quality teaching and mentoring, with a genuinely professional qualification as the outcome.

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In the master programme, students can concentrate on key aspects of German language and literature corresponding to their interests within the three fields of study: German linguistics, German medieval studies and German literary studies.
In linguistics they gain insight into current research through project-oriented seminars; the main topics are research in language acquisition and variation, as well as a dialectology that is oriented toward sociolinguistics and perceptual linguistics.
In medieval studies, literature from the Middle Ages is considered in conjunction with developments in society, its stores of knowledge, modes of thought and media technology. International graduate meetings, medieval manuscript studies and an interdisciplinary supplementary programme enrich the studies.
In German literary studies, the students deal with literary texts and narratives across all media, beginning in the 16th century. Comparative issues and intermedial relationships are thereby afforded great importance.

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German as a Foreign Language / German as a Second Language

Are you interested in supporting people in learning the German language? Do you want to conduct your own research within the field of foreign and second language acquisition? Are you looking for a degree with secure career prospects?
If yes, then the master programme German as a Foreign Language/German as a Second Language could just be the right option for you: it qualifies you as a German language teacher in adult education, as a researcher in language acquisition, and as an expert professional for attractive employment perspectives in areas such as educational policy and migration.
We offer you a high-quality, practice-oriented and evidence-based educational programme that perfectly prepares you for the professional domain. In small learning groups you will learn from experts in research and practice how German as a foreign and second language can best be learned and taught, and how German language competence can be measured and assessed. You will be able to set your own focus area, for instance German as a second language/migration, or research and didactics of multilingualism.

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Greek Studies

This master programme broadens students' Greek language skills and enhances their knowledge of the culture and literature of Greek antiquity. It further encompasses the lasting influence of this heritage through the centuries of Late Antiquity and the Byzantine period.
The study programme consists of a common core made up of a literature course, a reading course and two seminars on Greek language and culture. A practical workshop gives students the opportunity to learn the basics of scientific research and do hands-on training in areas such as papyrology, palaeography, codicology and text edition.

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The master programme in History at the University of Fribourg combines comprehensive historical knowledge with a focus on individual eras and themes. Students specialise in two of the following eras: ancient history, the Middle Ages, modern times and contemporary history. They write a thesis based on these two chosen periods as a result of their independent research.
The programme is rounded off with survey courses covering more than one era which serve to consolidate methodical skills. Students are also invited to attend application and career-orientated events, which focus on work in archives, libraries, companies, political and legal institutions and non-profit organisations.

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Interreligious Studies

The Master of Arts in Interreligious Studies offers broad-based advanced training in religion, its role and its evolution throughout history and society. Special attention is focused on Christianity, interreligious and intercultural dialogues and self-reflection in other religions.
The main programme is currently being offered in German or as part of a bilingual programme (German and French), in which case the resulting degree will carry the distinction «Bilingual curriculum, French/German».

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Islam and Society

The master programme «Islam and Society» is unique in Europe. It teaches skills required for a nuanced approach to complex debates, addressing central questions of the religious self-understanding of Muslims and developing perspectives on current social challenges. The particularity of the programme is the systematic interweaving of the two fields of knowledge, Islam and society, whereby sociological, theological, historical and practical aspects are incorporated into an integrative approach. The programme is run by the Swiss Centre for Islam and Society (CSIS) at the University of Fribourg.

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The master programme in Italian applies the didactic approach characteristic of the Fribourg school, using methods of philological research and formalist and stylistic criticism, combined with the advantages of literary history. Two areas of study are available: - advanced literature studies taking into account both textual research and the historical dimension of literature; - the study of various aspects of Italian culture, which are well represented in the range of courses offered by the Faculty of Humanities. Particular emphasis is placed on the texts and themes of mediaeval and Renaissance literature on the one hand and those of the modern and contemporary periods on the other.
The master programme has a specifically literary focus and offers an introduction to the multitude of cultural aspects that constitute «Italian-ness» with an interdisciplinary approach fostering the connections to history, art history, philosophy and musicology.

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Latin Studies

This master programme broadens students' Latin language skills and enhances their knowledge of the culture and literature of Latin antiquity. It further encompasses the lasting influence of this heritage through the centuries of Late Antiquity, the Middle Ages and the Renaissance.
The study programme consists of a common core made up of a literature course, a reading course and two seminars on Latin language and culture. A practical workshop gives students the opportunity to learn the basics of scientific research and do hands-on training in areas such as papyrology, palaeography, codicology and text edition.

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This master programme allows deepening and supplementing the knowledge acquired at the bachelor's level through the choice of three modules in a set of 10 modules representing 10 major aspects of management today. Managers and decision-makers must more than ever be generalists. But because everyone has their own background and very personal preferences, the master in management allows students to personalise their journey and combine specialties as diverse as, for example, human resources, digitisation or the management of non-profit organisations. In addition, access to courses from other modules than the three specialisations, from other departments or from our partner universities, allows everyone to build a meaningful journey. Combined with its multilingual dimension, this programme represents a unique offer in Switzerland.

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The study programme provides a high-level education in pure and applied mathematics and involves individualised curricula specialising in several domains of analysis, algebra and geometry, topology, statistics, numerical analysis or biomathematics. Previous course work can be extended in computer science, physics or economics. Master's level classes at the nearby universities of Bern and Neuchâtel are open to students registered at Fribourg and can be part of their curriculum. Activities from the «Swiss Doctoral Program in Mathematics» can equally be integrated into the course of study. The programme culminates in a master's thesis under the supervision of a thesis advisor with a final presentation of the results.

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Medieval Studies

The Middle Ages generally refers to the period of European cultures from the 5th to the 15th centuries. Interdisciplinary research into the heterogeneous and diverse culture of the European Middle Ages also serves to gain a deeper understanding of modern and contemporary developments.
Medieval Studies, an interdisciplinary minor study programme in the master's degree course, is aimed at students majoring in a subject that focuses on the medieval period who wish to gain complementary or more advanced knowledge and skills in other, interdisciplinary fields of medieval civilisation. This course is run by the Medieval Institute of the University of Fribourg.

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Multilingualism Studies

This interdisciplinary study programme focuses on the individual and social components of multilingualism. The emphasis is placed not only on the acquisitional, cognitive and didactic processes of multilingualism but also on the institutional, political and economic dimensions of linguistic diversity in contemporary societies.
The study programme is deeply rooted in research on multilingual repertoires, the dynamics of change to languages in contact, the role of languages in the construction of social inequalities, language challenges in migratory situations and the different forms of institutional management of linguistic diversity. There is a practical module with an internship to allow students to relate theory to social reality.
A Rhaeto-Romance option is also available in this master's course for those wishing to go deeper into Rhaeto-Romance linguistics and literature. This option offers the possibility to conduct research projects dedicated to Rhaeto-Romance languages.

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Musicology and History of Opera

This master programme proposes an investigation of the techniques, methods and functions of historical and critical approaches to music in an interdisciplinary perspective. It is concerned with the relations between music and texts, between music and the stage, and music and the visual arts, particularly in the case of film music and opera production. The study programme also offers themed courses and seminars on musical analysis as related to different periods in the history of Western music.
During their master's studies, students will follow courses and seminars partly in French and partly in German. They are encouraged to take an interest in the research and popularisation activities which are organised by the Department. The various examinations can be taken in one of three languages: French, German or Italian. Students also have the possibility of writing their master's thesis in one of the three languages.

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Pedagogy / Psychology

If you are interested in teaching pedagogy and psychology in baccalaureate schools and upper secondary specialised schools, this master programme will enable you to present an overall view of both these disciplines and their specific features. In doing so, you will be helping the pupils to choose a line of study, and also to gain a better understanding of how the individual functions as a child, as a teenager, and as an adult, and the risks associated with these periods of life.
The course, which is divided equally between classes and seminars on psychology and teaching in education sciences, will allow you to broaden the knowledge you acquired during your bachelor's degree. You can choose this programme either as a minor or major. Moreover, you can take the course in French, in German or bilingually, which will considerably strengthen your employability.
If you have only studied one of these disciplines at the bachelor level, you will need to do a pre-master's course to catch up the required level in the other teaching subject.

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The master programme in philosophy allows students by its rigorous approach to deepen their understanding of the main issues and currents of Western philosophical tradition, from Antiquity to the contemporary period. An advanced programme is offered in the fields of Systematic Philosophy (epistemology and metaphysics; philosophy of language, of mind and of human sciences; ethics and political philosophy; aesthetics and philosophy of art) and History of Philosophy (ancient philosophy; medieval philosophy; modern and contemporary philosophy).
This programme is unique in Switzerland due to the richness and diversity of its methodological approach, to its broad systematic scope, to the optional possibility of bilingual studies and due to the particularly close ties existing at the Department of Philosophy in Fribourg between teaching and research activities.
Each semester, several international colloquia are organised and well-known philosophers from other Universities and countries invited to present their work. These activities allow students to get directly acquainted with central issues discussed in the ongoing international debate and to get into contact with researchers belonging to the international philosophical community.

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At master's level, this study programme in physics provides students with advanced courses and starts the process of specialisation. About half of the courses are compulsory and of general interest, the other half consists of more specialised elective courses.
The master's thesis will be supervised by an active researcher and initiates students to the frontiers of research, in the following subjects: Atomic physics, Electrons in solids, Soft matter and photonics, Theoretical interdisciplinary physics, Collective quantum phenomena and Nanosciences (Nanomaterials).
At the end of the programme, students will have learned how to apply their knowledge to do research projects and how to work independently or integrate into an interdisciplinary research team.

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Politics and Society

The programme «Politics and Society» focuses on the analysis of political systems and their scope for action in modern society. Different concepts and functions of the state, political parties, political culture and democratisation processes in Western and Eastern European countries are considered and compared. The challenges to be identified are not only those resulting from inefficient political and state institutions, but also those having a bearing on how liberal constitutional states view themselves. What happens when democracies are confronted with illiberal developments, such as populism, or economic crises that question the established policy? How is power in authoritarian systems stabilised and legitimised? This programme provides the skills to analyse political structures, methods of functioning and processes. The programme focuses on Eastern Europe, which is rare in Switzerland. master's level students take courses together with bachelor's level students.

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In the master programme in Psychology you will learn the principle scientific concepts and methodologies from several domains in Psychology, deepen your understanding of the application of these concepts and methods in diverse settings (e.g. hospitals, organisations, schools, and research) and gain practical expertise. With this knowledge, you will be prepared to enter various fields in Psychology: Clinical, Health, Organisational, Educational, Neuropsychology and Human Factors and Ergonomics. The master programme also provides a sound base for beginning a PhD in Psychology, or collaborating in research projects. The teaching provision in the master programme is characterised by the individual nature of the supervision provided for students. Classes size remains rather small, while the seat number is not restricted for the vast majority of the classes. The wide range of external, often international, contributors from research and applied domains also enriches the teaching and learning experience.

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The master programme deepens the skills acquired during the bachelor's course in Rhaeto-Romance language and literature. In the linguistics section, emphasis is placed on aspects of individual and societal multilingualism, as well as on more practical issues of the use and promotion of the language. The literary section of the course takes a more in-depth look at the literary traditions of the canton of Grisons, including in relation to neighbouring literary traditions, and with a particular focus on the critical application of theoretical models. An internship allows students to relate theory to actual fields of work. Graduates are qualified to work in Rhaeto-Romance institutions, the media or teaching, and research.
The master programme requires thorough knowledge of at least one variant of Rhaeto-Romance. A number of lectures will be in German and/or French.

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Slavic Studies

The master programme in Slavic studies at the University of Fribourg offers the opportunity of intensive analysis of cultural developments and traditions in Russia and Poland. The emphasis is on the period from the 19th to the 21st century. Students examine literature, philosophy and cultural criticism with regard to their relevance for contemporary social constellations and current political tendencies. The languages of instruction are German and French. Seminars are also regularly held in Russian. There are frequent visits from guest lecturers from the Slavic region.
The University of Fribourg offers a wide range of Eastern European exchange programmes, research projects and academic and cultural events organised by various institutes. This gives our students the possibility of interdisciplinary exchange and a chance to broaden their academic and their personal horizons.

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Social Policy and Social Work

Two core themes form the focus of the programme «Social Work and Social Policy»: social inequality and welfare production. Social inequality studies social mechanisms, such as the redistribution of personal opportunities and the concomitant systematic privileges and disadvantages. Social and cultural differences (such as education, income, gender or nationality, ethnic group, religion) play a central role in social inequality. With the core theme of welfare production, an additional focus is placed on the question of the differences between welfare regimes, whereby social work and social policy are seen as an institutional response aimed at preventing or dealing with social problems and conflicts. The study programme provides students with an essential knowledge base for social work from the local level right through to the international and transnational levels.

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Social Problems, Social Policy and Risk Prevention

This master programme aims to develop a critical and scientific understanding of social and health issues and the conditions for their reasoned analysis. It teaches students how to draft appropriate action plans and implement more effective response programmes, training them to become analysts and stakeholders able to grasp complex social realities in the field of social and health policy. There is currently a worrying lack of experts, against a backdrop of a redefinition of social policies and, more broadly, of social cohesion mechanisms in each of the Swiss cantons to varying degrees.
Teaching is based both on sociological theoretical approaches and empirical contributions presented by specialists from various fields (politics, administration, business). The course is rounded off by a three-month (full-time) internship designed to immerse students in the professional reality of social and health work.

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Sociology as a minor or special study programme of the master's degree takes a primarily global and comparative approach as it examines various sociological issues and themes. What challenges are arising from the growing internationalisation of business, politics, culture and other aspects of society? How to deal with the growth of the world population and people's increasing longevity? What inequalities and inter-relationships exist between the rich countries of the Global North and the poor countries of the Global South? What is the role of social players in these processes? This minor or specialisation programme teaches students the skills to be able to analyse social inter-relationships and developments.

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This master programme allows students to acquire knowledge in the four following fields: different types of Hispanic literature in their historical and cultural context and in terms of their mutual relationships; study of the Spanish language in its historical development and in its current varieties (Spain and Latin America); analysis of literary and linguistic modernity; documentation and research techniques.
Fribourg's specific teaching has an inter-cultural focus and a dual linguistic and philological perspective. It is the only university specialised in the latter.
The programme comprises three compulsory modules and one elective module covering the historical perspective, contemporary subjects and intercultural links.

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Sport Sciences

This study programme in sport sciences is based on the idea that to understand the issues of the future in relation to sports and well-being through motor activity calls for more in-depth knowledge, notably in the fields of movement and training, as well as in neuropsychology and sports education.
The master programme thus gives students the opportunity to increase the depth and scope of their acquired knowledge and to pursue the specialisation ( «Teaching» or «Health and Research» ) that they chose during their bachelor's degree.
The fact that this course of study is taught at the Medicine Section of the Faculty of Science and Medicine and the special emphasis on a «class-seminar/workshop» structure, as well as the partnership with the Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen (SFISM) mean that the underlying conditions for teaching and research in the field of sport sciences are extremely favourable.

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In the context of a state university, theology makes a specific contribution to research: an intellectual, scientific and rational exploration of the Christian approach to the question of God, in particular from the perspective of the Catholic tradition. The other fields of study extend the theological line of thought by juxtaposing it with other ways of perceiving reality.
The richness of theology as a field of study encourages students to continue for another two years after their bachelor's degree to complete a master's degree (complete study programme, 120 ECTS credits). The master's thesis gives students the opportunity to test their ability to produce a piece of personal academic research. Students are admitted to the degree of Master of Theology with Specialisation with a score of 60 of the total 120 ECTS credits in the chosen specialisation: 30 ECTS credits for the respective lectures and 30 ECTS credits for the thesis. Possible topics are, for example, the Christian Orient, interreligious dialogue, practical theology or the New Testament in its cultural and historical setting.

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